Correction Partiel Semestre 1
Correction du partiel : Why is the American Congress the most powerful Legislative Branch in the world ?
Chapter 10 : Citizen Participants
This Chapter is only complementary and helps to acquire a better understanding of the US political system.
Among its lines will be discussed :
- Jury Trials
- Interest Groups
- Political Parties
Chapter 9 : Federalism
It is one of the 5 founding principles in which the US Constitution rests. Though the term "federalism" is never mentionned in the Constitution.
II. Different Types of Power
III. The Evolution of Federalism
Chapter 8 : The Judicial Branch
It is the third and last branch of Government . It is defined in Article 3 of the Constitution. It is an un-elected branch. Its main role is to interpret the Constitution.
The general attorney is the head of the justice department.
In the US, there are three types of laws :
I. The Federal Supreme Court
B) Appointment process
C) Powers of the Supreme Court
D) Judicial Philosophy
Chapter 7 : Voting and Elections
Elections are what create a Republic. They are an important ritual in a democracy, they make a president different from a king.
They are directly connected to Federalism : everything that has to do with elections is controled by the states and not by the federal governmnt.
There are two types of elections : presidential and congressional.
I. Presidential Elections
II. Congressional Elections.
Chapter 6 : The Executive Power
The Executive Branch is defined in article 2 of the constitution : "The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows:
Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector."
I. The structure of the Executive
II. The presidency
III. The Powers and Fonctions of the President
IV. The Evolutions
Chapter 5 : The Legislative Branch : The US Congress.
The US Congress is considered to be the most powerful Legislative body in the world. It's the first Branch of Government and defined in Article 1.
The Founding Fathers wanted the Congress ( and not the President ) to be the central policy-making body. They had a very strong suspission towards the Executive Branch.
The Capitol is located on Capitol Hill in W.D.C. Its architecture is inspired by a temple one.
I. Structure of Congress
II. Powers of Congress
Chapter 4 : Amending the Constitution.
The US Constitution was written in the 18th century in a small republic of 4 million people. The constitution lasted 230 years and survived a Civil war, two World Wars , crises ...
Problematic : How can the constitution develop without changing ?
I. The Amendment Process
II. The Bill of Rights
Chapter 3 : The US Constitution
Summary of the key notions and principles required for a better understanding of the US Constitution.
A. Values of the Constitution
B. The Structure of the Constitution
C. The Founding Principles
Chapter 2 : Building the US : from the Confederation to the Constitution
During the War , the thirteen colonies became thirteen states , each state wrote its own state constitution and each state created a government ( Rep ). The important missing thing was a National Constitution.
I. The Articles of Confederation
II. The Philadelphia Convention.
Chapter 1 : The American Independence.
This chapter tackles the history of the American Independence from 1756 to 1783.
I. The Causes of the Revolution
II. The Escalation