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BUS 309 - Graded Exam #1 (Already graded A )

BUS 309 - Graded Exam #1 Question Which ethical framework goes against the ethical principle of obeying certain duties or responsibilities, no matter the end result? Select one: a. Deontological framework of ethics. b. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics. c. Virtue ethics framework of ethics. d. Utilitarian framework of ethics. Question The branch of ethics that deals with the reasoning about how one should act is called Select one: a. meta-ethics. b. humanistic ethics. c. normative ethics. d. descriptive ethics. Question Which among the following branches of study raises questions about justice, law, civic virtues, and political philosophy? Select one: a. Business studies b. Morality c. Descriptive ethics d. Social ethics Question Which among the following is not a legal right? Select one: a. Equal opportunity b. Collective bargaining as part of a union c. Particular pension funds d. Freedom from sexual harassment Question Which among the following provides a strong support for democratic institutions and policies? Select one: a. Utilitarianism b. Virtue ethics c. Deontological ethics d. Social justice Question The study of various character traits that can contribute to, or obstruct, a happy and meaningful human life is part of Select one: a. philosophical ethics. b. virtue ethics. c. deontological ethics. d. utilitarianism. Question While considering the fact that anyone can make unethical choices, the questions that are most difficult to answer are often those that are most important to answer in Select one: a. understanding the perspective of the stakeholders. b. analyzing the financial liabilities. c. defining who we are. d. justifying the decision to the media. Question Understanding the change in attitude towards studying business ethics includes the understanding that corporate scandals in the recent past have largely affected _____. Select one: a. stockholders b. employees c. directors d. stakeholders Question Which among the following frameworks of ethics becomes less practical with an increase in the number of people, animals, etc that could be affected by decisions made? Select one: a. Virtue ethics framework of ethics. b. Utilitarian framework of ethics. c. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics. d. Deontological framework of ethics. Question Which among the following distinguishes good people who make ethically responsible decisions from good people who do not? Select one: a. Moral incentives b. Moral obligations c. Ethical goal orientation d. Moral imagination Question In accordance to the criticism aimed at studying business ethics, many viewed it as a mixture of _____ and personal opinion that could interfere with the functioning of a business. Select one: a. abstract thinking b. sentimentality c. religious connotations d. rigidity Question Specifically, in some people, a set of _____ inclines them to, without deliberation, act ethically. Select one: a. moralities b. do's and don'ts c. codes d. ethical habits Question Identify, among the following, one that is not a cognitive barrier to responsible, ethical decision-making. Select one: a. An ignorance that is willful and intentional b. Considering limited alternatives c. Not following simplified decision rules d. Satisficing Question Those beliefs and principles that provide the ultimate guide in a company's decisionmaking are called Select one: a. transactions. b. core values. c. historical milestones. d. committee values. Question Within a business setting, individuals must consider the ethical implications of Select one: a. both personal and professional decision-making. b. stakeholders' choices and personal decisions. c. financial and ethical decision-making. d. only professional decision-making. The correct answer is: both personal and professional decision-making. Question One helpful exercise for considering the effects of a decision on others is to Select one: a. conduct a private debate. b. speak to a trusted friend. c. shift one's role. d. practice everyday, what one preaches. Question Respecting employee privacy while also adequately managing the workplace at a time when workplace e-mail was in its infancy, and no laws regarding it were in place, is an example for which one of the following? Select one: a. Societies valuing freedom welcome laws that require more than the ethical minimum. b. Ethical responsibilities give rise to more and more regulations. c. Obedience to law is sufficient to fulfill one's ethical duties. d. Laws cannot anticipate every new business dilemma that might be faced. Question In the context of satisficing, the very fact that a decision was reached by _____ can convince everyone involved that it must be the most reasonable decision. Select one: a. consensus b. normative channels c. descriptive channels d. analysis Question A person who acts in a way that is based upon a careful consideration of _____ has acted in a more ethically responsible way than a person who acts without deliberation. Select one: a. the ethical issues b. all stakeholders c. their morals d. the facts Question Which among the following can result in a scenario where the number of regulated areas becomes improbable and unmanageable? Select one: a. Telling businesses that its ethical responsibilities end with obedience to law. b. Assuming that law can anticipate every new dilemma that businesses might face. c. Maintaining that obedience to law is sufficient to fulfill one's ethical duties. d. Assuming that freedom valuing societies welcome laws requiring more than just an ethical minimum. Question The essence of utilitarianism is Select one: a. to compare the consequences of alternative actions. b. its reliance on consequences. c. its focus on just one consequence. d. to ignore harmful consequences. Question Immanuel Kant argued that there is one fundamental ethical principle that one has to follow, no matter what the consequence. Identify it. Select one: a. Speak the truth always. b. Remain loyal to family. c. Respect the dignity of individuals. d. Always help the poor. Question This inclines one to act or to choose one way rather than another. Select one: a. Norms b. Morality c. Social ethics d. Values Question Identify the step that precedes monitoring the outcome in making an ethically responsible decision. Select one: a. Identifying the ethical issues involved b. Comparing and weighing the alternatives based on consequences c. Making a decision d. Considering how the decision affects stakeholders involved Question At its most basic level, _____ is/ are concerned with how we act and how we live our lives. Select one: a. laws b. regulations c. values d. ethics Question What according to the authors will prove best for optimally satisfying the various interests in the two approaches to utilitarianism? Select one: a. Market-based solutions b. Consumer-supplier partnerships c. Deontological practices d. Strict governmental regulations Question The utilitarian tradition has a long history of relying on _____ for deciding on the ethical legitimacy of alternative decisions. Select one: a. intuition b. experience c. variable analysis d. social sciences Question The ability of losing sight of the ethical aspects while involved in the financial aspect of decisions is called Select one: a. moral imagination. b. descriptive ignorance. c. morality lapse. d. normative myopia. Question One of the major challenges associated with ethical decision-making is better understood by realizing that decisions involve Select one: a. religious aspects to the process. b. the interests of multiple stakeholders. c. social norms beset by public expectations. d. financial obligations. Question Derived from an understanding of the definition of values, it is possible that the corporate culture in any organization can also Select one: a. be exceedingly exaggerated. b. be nonexistent. c. be guided by employee expectations. d. be unethical in nature. Question Examining business institutions from a social rather than an individual perspective is referred to as Select one: a. decision-making for social responsibility. b. corporate social responsibility. c. institutionalized ethical responsibility. d. institutional morality. Question _____ set the standards or guidelines for determining what one should do, how one should act, what type of person one should be. Select one: a. Roles b. Attitudes c. Norms d. Social ethics Question Under which of the following do the legislative (bureaucratic) side and the administrative side of an organization work together? Select one: a. Virtue ethics framework of ethics. b. Utilitarian framework of ethics. c. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics. d. Deontological framework of ethics. Question Philosophical ethics seeks foundations that all reasonable people can accept, regardless of their Select one: a. educational background. b. economical background. c. cultural background. d. religious background. Question Monitoring one's actions accordingly when faced with similar challenges in the future, and to evaluate the implications of one's decisions are all an ongoing part of Select one: a. comparing and weighing alternatives based on consequences. b. monitoring and learning from the outcomes of the decisions. c. comparing and weighing alternatives based implications for personal integrity. d. identifying stakeholders and the effect of the decision on them. Question Kant's version which directs us to act according to those rules that could be universally agreed by all people forms part of the famous "Kantian _____." Select one: a. hypothetical imperative b. decisive correlations c. categorical imperative d. moral objectivism Question Many businesses looking to hire graduates expect an impetus on teaching not just information and knowledge about ethics, but also: Select one: a. ethical behavior. b. to train others at the workplace. c. intervention in case of unethical practices. d. humanitarian, political and psychological perspectives. Question According to which type of ethical framework would child labor in any country be tolerated? Select one: a. Virtue ethics b. Deontological ethics c. Utilitarianism d. Social justice Question Identify the first step in making responsible ethical decisions. Select one: a. Determine the facts b. Consider the available alternatives c. Identify the ethical issues d. Identify and consider impact of decision on stakeholders Question Which among the following justifies the assumption that humans possess special dignity, and should be treated as ends in themselves? Select one: a. Their ability to make rely on instinct. b. Their ability to love and nourish their offspring. c. Their ability to make free and rational choices. d. Their ability to act according to conditioning.

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