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PHIL 201 QUIZ 7

Question 1 1. Deadly earthquakes, hurricanes, and diseases are examples of natural evils. True False 3 points Question 2 1. The view advanced by C. S. Lewis in The Great Divorce is A mild hell Annihilationism Free will theodicy A denial of natural evils 3 points Question 3 1. The apparent fact that God’s existence is not clearly manifested is a mystery for which believers have no explanation. True False 3 points Question 4 1. Which principle states that one is not justified in claiming that it appears that there are no X’s if one has reason to believe that, in one’s present epistemic state, one is not in a position to be able to perceive any Xs that might be there? Theodicy G. E. Moore shift Divine Hiddenness CORNEA 3 points Question 5 1. The argument that there is probably pointless suffering that renders God’s existence unlikely is called Defense Theodicy Logical form of the problem of evil Evidential form of the problem of evil 3 points Question 6 1. Where in the Bible can one find ethical material? The Ten Commandments Proverbs Ecclesiastes All of the above 3 points Question 7 1. ________ comes hand in hand with an ethic, because it identifies values to be propogated and virtues to be cultivated. Wisdom Religion Love Philosphy 3 points Question 8 1. All religions are concerned with the promulgation of certain values and the cultivation of specific virtues except Christianity. True False 3 points Question 9 1. The Bible gives us a ___________ basis for our moral obligation, in terms of our obligation to do the will of God, the Creator and Lawgiver. Theological Philosophical Normative Ethical 3 points Question 10 1. Christian liberty is not the license to do as one wants, but is rather being liberated to live within what God’s law requires. True False 3 points Question 11 1. When I ask “Why be moral?” on the pointecast, I am asking about the specific moral rules that one follows. True False 3 points Question 12 1. According to Dr. Martin, why is evil a problem for theists? Evil seems to have existed prior to creation It seems contrary to God’s love and power God often uses evil to accomplish his goals Evil is an illusion 3 points Question 13 1. According to Dr. Martin, Augustine defined evil as: That which is contrary to the will of God To break the moral law The privation of good That which harms another without just cause 3 points Question 14 1. Which element is NOT an element of the moral point of view: To subscribe to normative judgments about actions, principles and motives To universalize judgments concerning morally relevant similar situations To appeal to some form of authority for judging actions as right or wrong To adopt the synderesis rule 3 points Question 15 1. Deontological ethics says we should be moral because: It achieves the best consequences It is right in itself that is the kind of person we want to be God commands us to do so 3 points Question 16 1. Which of the following is an implication from the idea that the ethicist’s emphasis on moral truth is misguided and moral practices are just emotional assertions? Moral practices vary with and depend on physical needs and social conditions. People make conscious moral decisions that constantly have exceptions and variations. Moral decisions have far-reaching implications and people consider distant future satisfaction when making these decisions. Moral attitudes and practices are basically cognitive responses rather than the product of rational direction. 3 points Question 17 1. Logical positivism insists that which kinds of cognitive language are NOT possible: Analytical statements Moral statements Definition statements Factual statements 3 points Question 18 1. The idea that we argue as we do because our culture has so conditioned us, and the idea that we regard our morality as superior, makes us what? Empirical Superior Ethnic Ethnocentric 3 points Question 19 1. According to Holmes, one problem with the diversity thesis is that: It discounts the self-reflection that occurs in primitive cultures It overstates the extent of ethical relativity It is not supported by adequate philosophical argumentation It focuses on the diversity of moral principles rather than specific practices 3 points Question 20 1. According to emotivism, moral language is basically ___________, because it is not empirical or analytic. Cognitive Non-cognitive Meaningful Rational

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