These terms include (i) population vs. sample; (ii) parameter vs. statistic; and (iii) margin of error (and how to apply it to determine the range of values –
Know the types of sampling methods (e.g., random, simple random, systematic, convenience, stratified, and cluster).
Know the difference between an observational study versus an experimental one (and related terminology, like a retrospective, cross-section, prospective/longitudinal, treatment group vs control group, and placebo).
(i) qualitative/categorical vs. quantitative; (ii) continuous vs. discrete; and (iii) the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio). The questions you will be asked will be fill-in-the-blank.
Know how to convert a number between scientific notation and standard notation
Given a graphical/pictorial representation of data (e.g., histogram, stem-and-leaf, frequency polygon, ogive, pie chart, and so on), be prepared to answer a question or two that will demonstrate your understanding of the picture/chart