Neurologic NCLEX Practice Test (Latest 2020, Already graded A)
Neurologic NCLEX Practice Test (Latest)
1. If a male client experienced a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) that damaged the hypothalamus, the nurse would anticipate that the client has problems with:
a. body temperature control.
b. balance and equilibrium.
c. visual acuity.
d. thinking and reasoning.
2. A female client admitted to an acute care facility after a car accident develops signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). The client is intubated and placed on mechanical ventilation to help reduce ICP. To prevent a further rise in ICP caused by suctioning, the nurse anticipates administering which drug endotracheally before suctioning?
a. phenytoin (Dilantin)
b. mannitol (Osmitrol)
c. lidocaine (Xylocaine)
d. furosemide (Lasix)
3. After striking his head on a tree while falling from a ladder, a young man age 18 is admitted to the emergency department. He’s unconscious and his pupils are nonreactive. Which intervention would be the most dangerous for the client?
a. Give him a barbiturate.
b. Place him on mechanical ventilation.
c. Perform a lumbar puncture.
d. Elevate the head of his bed.
4. When obtaining the health history from a male client with retinal detachment, the nurse expects the client to report:
a. light flashes and floaters in front of the eye.
b. a recent driving accident while changing lanes.
c. headaches, nausea, and redness of the eyes.
d. frequent episodes of double vision.
5. Which nursing diagnosis takes highest priority for a client with Parkinson’s crisis?
a. Imbalanced nutrition: Less than body requirements
b. Ineffective airway clearance
c. Impaired urinary elimination
d. Risk for injury
6. To encourage adequate nutritional intake for a female client with Alzheimer’s disease, the nurse should:
a. stay with the client and encourage him to eat.
b. help the client fill out his menu.
c. give the client privacy during meals.
d. fill out the menu for the client.
7. The nurse is performing a mental status examination on a male client diagnosed with subdural hematoma. This test assesses which of the following?
a. Cerebellar function
b. Intellectual function
c. Cerebral function
d. Sensory function
8. Shortly after admission to an acute care facility, a male client with a seizure disorder develops status epilepticus. The physician orders diazepam (Valium) 10 mg I.V. stat. How soon can the nurse administer a second dose of diazepam, if needed and prescribed?
a. In 30 to 45 seconds
b. In 10 to 15 minutes
c. In 30 to 45 minutes
d. In 1 to 2 hours
9. A female client complains of periorbital aching, tearing, blurred vision, and photophobia in her right eye. Ophthalmologic examination reveals a small, irregular, nonreactive pupil — a condition resulting from acute iris inflammation (iritis). As part of the client’s therapeutic regimen, the physician prescribes atropine sulfate (Atropisol), two drops of 0.5% solution in the right eye twice daily. Atropine sulfate belongs to which drug classification?
a. Parasympathomimetic agent
b. Sympatholytic agent
c. Adrenergic blocker
d. Cholinergic blocker
10. Emergency medical technicians transport a 27-year-old iron worker to the emergency department. They tell the nurse, “He fell from a two-story building. He has a large contusion on his left chest and a hematoma in the left parietal area. He has a compound fracture of his left femur and he’s comatose. We intubated him and he’s maintaining an arterial oxygen saturation of 92% by pulse oximeter with a manual-resuscitation bag.” Which intervention by the nurse has the highest priority?
a. Assessing the left leg
b. Assessing the pupils
c. Placing the client in Trendelenburg’s position
d. Assessing level of consciousness
11. An auto mechanic accidentally has battery acid splashed in his eyes. His coworkers irrigate his eyes with water for 20 minutes, and then take him to the emergency department of a nearby hospital, where he receives emergency care for corneal injury. The physician prescribes dexamethasone (Maxidex Ophthalmic Suspension), two drops of 0.1% solution to be instilled initially into the conjunctival sacs of both eyes every hour; and polymyxin B sulfate (Neosporin Ophthalmic), 0.5% ointment to be placed in the conjunctival sacs of both eyes every 3 hours. Dexamethasone exerts its therapeutic effect by:
a. increasing the exudative reaction of ocular tissue.
b. decreasing leukocyte infiltration at the site of ocular inflammation.
c. inhibiting the action of carbonic anhydrase.
d. producing a miotic reaction by stimulating and contracting the sphincter muscles of the iris.
12. Nurse April is caring for a client who underwent a lumbar laminectomy 2 days ago. Which of the following findings should the nurse consider abnormal?
a. More back pain than the first postoperative day
b. Paresthesia in the dermatomes near the wounds
c. Urine retention or incontinence
d. Temperature of 99.2° F (37.3° C)
13. After an eye examination, a male client is diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma. The physician prescribes pilocarpine ophthalmic solution (Pilocar), 0.25% gtti, OU q.i.d. Based on this prescription, the nurse should teach the client or a family member to administer the drug by:
a. instilling one drop of pilocarpine 0.25% into both eyes daily.
b. instilling one drop of pilocarpine 0.25% into both eyes four times daily.
c. instilling one drop of pilocarpine 0.25% into the right eye daily.
d. instilling one drop of pilocarpine 0.25% into the left eye four times daily.
14. A female client who’s paralyzed on the left side has been receiving physical therapy and attending teaching sessions about safety. Which behavior indicates that the client accurately understands safety measures related to paralysis?
a. The client leaves the side rails down.
b. The client uses a mirror to inspect the skin.
c. The client repositions only after being reminded to do so.
d. The client hangs the left arm over the side of the wheelchair.
15. A male client in the emergency department has a suspected neurologic disorder. To assess gait, the nurse asks the client to take a few steps; with each step, the client’s feet make a half circle. To document the client’s gait, the nurse should use which term?
16. A client, age 22, is admitted with bacterial meningitis. Which hospital room would be the best choice for this client?
a. A private room down the hall from the nurses’ station
b. An isolation room three doors from the nurses’ station
c. A semiprivate room with a 32-year-old client who has viral meningitis
d. A two-bed room with a client who previously had bacterial meningitis
17. A physician diagnoses a client with myasthenia gravis, prescribing pyridostigmine (Mestinon), 60 mg P.O. every 3 hours. Before administering this anticholinesterase agent, the nurse reviews the client’s history. Which preexisting condition would contraindicate the use of pyridostigmine?
a. Ulcerative colitis
b. Blood dyscrasia
c. Intestinal obstruction
d. Spinal cord injury
18. A female client is admitted to the facility for investigation of balance and coordination problems, including possible Ménière’s disease. When assessing this client, the nurse expects to note:
a. vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss.
b. vertigo, vomiting, and nystagmus
c. vertigo, pain, and hearing impairment.
d. vertigo, blurred vision, and fever.
19. A male client with a conductive hearing disorder caused by ankylosis of the stapes in the oval window undergoes a stapedectomy to remove the stapes and replace the impaired bone with a prosthesis. After the stapedectomy, the nurse should provide which client instruction?
a. “Lie in bed with your head elevated, and refrain from blowing your nose for 24 hours.”
b. “Try to ambulate independently after about 24 hours.”
c. “Shampoo your hair every day for 10 days to help prevent ear infection.”
d. “Don’t fly in an airplane, climb to high altitudes, make sudden movements, or expose yourself to loud sounds for 30 days.”
20. Nurse Oliver is monitoring a client for adverse reactions to dantrolene (Dantrium). Which adverse reaction is most common?
a. Excessive tearing
b. Urine retention
c. Muscle weakness
d. Slurred speech
21. The nurse is monitoring a male client for adverse reactions to atropine sulfate (Atropine Care) eyedrops. Systemic absorption of atropine sulfate through the conjunctiva can cause which adverse reaction?
b. Increased salivation
22. A male client is admitted with a cervical spine injury sustained during a diving accident. When planning this client’s care, the nurse should assign highest priority to which nursing diagnosis?
a. Impaired physical mobility
b. Ineffective breathing pattern
c. Disturbed sensory perception (tactile)
d. Self-care deficient: Dressing/grooming
23. A male client has a history of painful, continuous muscle spasms. He has taken several skeletal muscle relaxants without experiencing relief. His physician prescribes diazepam (Valium), 2 mg P.O. twice daily. In addition to being used to relieve painful muscle spasms, diazepam also is recommended for:
a. long-term treatment of epilepsy.
b. postoperative pain management of laminectomy clients.
c. postoperative pain management of diskectomy clients
d. treatment of spasticity associated with spinal cord lesions.
24. A female client who was found unconscious at home is brought to the hospital by a rescue squad. In the intensive care unit, the nurse checks the client’s oculocephalic (doll’s eye) response by:
a. introducing ice water into the external auditory canal.
b. touching the cornea with a wisp of cotton.
c. turning the client’s head suddenly while holding the eyelids open.
d. shining a bright light into the pupil.
25. While reviewing a client’s chart, the nurse notices that the female client has myasthenia gravis. Which of the following statements about neuromuscular blocking agents is true for a client with this condition?
a. The client may be less sensitive to the effects of a neuromuscular blocking agent.
b. Succinylcholine shouldn’t be used; pancuronium may be used in a lower dosage.
c. Pancuronium shouldn’t be used; succinylcholine may be used in a lower dosage.
d. Pancuronium and succinylcholine both require cautious administration.
26. A male client is color blind. The nurse understands that this client has a problem with:
d. aqueous humor.
27. A female client who was trapped inside a car for hours after a head-on collision is rushed to the emergency department with multiple injuries. During the neurologic examination, the client responds to painful stimuli with decerebrate posturing. This finding indicates damage to which part of the brain?
28. The nurse is assessing a 37-year-old client diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Which of the following symptoms would the nurse expect to find?
a. Vision changes
b. Absent deep tendon reflexes
c. Tremors at rest
d. Flaccid muscles
29. The nurse is caring for a male client diagnosed with a cerebral aneurysm who reports a severe headache. Which action should the nurse perform?
a. Sit with the client for a few minutes.
b. Administer an analgesic.
c. Inform the nurse manager.
d. Call the physician immediately.
30. During recovery from a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), a female client is given nothing by mouth, to help prevent aspiration. To determine when the client is ready for a liquid diet, the nurse assesses the client’s swallowing ability once each shift. This assessment evaluates:
a. cranial nerves I and II.
b. cranial nerves III and V.
c. cranial nerves VI and VIII.
d. cranial nerves IX and X.
Neurologic NCLEX Practice Test
1. A white female client is admitted to an acute care facility with a diagnosis of cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Her history reveals bronchial asthma, exogenous obesity, and iron deficiency anemia. Which history finding is a risk factor for CVA?
a. Caucasian race
b. Female sex
d. Bronchial asthma
2. The nurse is teaching a female client with multiple sclerosis. When teaching the client how to reduce fatigue, the nurse should tell the client to:
a. take a hot bath.
b. rest in an air-conditioned room
c. increase the dose of muscle relaxants.
d. avoid naps during the day
3. A male client is having a tonic-clonic seizures. What should the nurse do first?
a. Elevate the head of the bed.
b. Restrain the client’s arms and legs.
c. Place a tongue blade in the client’s mouth.
d. Take measures to prevent injury.
4. A female client with Guillain-Barré syndrome has paralysis affecting the respiratory muscles and requires mechanical ventilation. When the client asks the nurse about the paralysis, how should the nurse respond?
a. “You may have difficulty believing this, but the paralysis caused by this disease is temporary.”
b. “You’ll have to accept the fact that you’re permanently paralyzed. However, you won’t have any sensory loss.”
c. “It must be hard to accept the permanency of your paralysis.”
d. “You’ll first regain use of your legs and then your arms.”
5. The nurse is working on a surgical floor. The nurse must logroll a male client following a:
6. A female client with a suspected brain tumor is scheduled for computed tomography (CT). What should the nurse do when preparing the client for this test?
a. Immobilize the neck before the client is moved onto a stretcher.
b. Determine whether the client is allergic to iodine, contrast dyes, or shellfish.
c. Place a cap over the client’s head.
d. Administer a sedative as ordered.
7. During a routine physical examination to assess a male client’s deep tendon reflexes, the nurse should make sure to:
a. use the pointed end of the reflex hammer when striking the Achilles tendon.
b. support the joint where the tendon is being tested.
c. tap the tendon slowly and softly
d. hold the reflex hammer tightly.
8. A female client is admitted in a disoriented and restless state after sustaining a concussion during a car accident. Which nursing diagnosis takes highest priority in this client’s plan of care?
a. Disturbed sensory perception (visual)
b. Self-care deficient: Dressing/grooming
c. Impaired verbal communication
d. Risk for injury
9. A female client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) tells the nurse, “Sometimes I feel so frustrated. I can’t do anything without help!” This comment best supports which nursing diagnosis?
c. Ineffective denial
d. Risk for disuse syndrome
10. For a male client with suspected increased intracranial pressure (ICP), a most appropriate respiratory goal is to:
a. prevent respiratory alkalosis.
b. lower arterial pH.
c. promote carbon dioxide elimination.
d. maintain partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) above 80 mm Hg
11. Nurse Maureen witnesses a neighbor’s husband sustain a fall from the roof of his house. The nurse rushes to the victim and determines the need to opens the airway in this victim by using which method?
a. Flexed position
b. Head tilt-chin lift
c. Jaw thrust maneuver
d. Modified head tilt-chin lift
12. The nurse is assessing the motor function of an unconscious male client. The nurse would plan to use which plan to use which of the following to test the client’s peripheral response to pain?
a. Sternal rub
b. Nail bed pressure
c. Pressure on the orbital rim
d. Squeezing of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
13. A female client admitted to the hospital with a neurological problem asks the nurse whether magnetic resonance imaging may be done. The nurse interprets that the client may be ineligible for this diagnostic procedure based on the client’s history of:
b. Heart failure
c. Prosthetic valve replacement
d. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
14. A male client is having a lumbar puncture performed. The nurse would plan to place the client in which position?
a. Side-lying, with a pillow under the hip
b. Prone, with a pillow under the abdomen
c. Prone, in slight-Trendelenburg’s position
d. Side-lying, with the legs pulled up and head bent down onto chest.
15. The nurse is positioning the female client with increased intracranial pressure. Which of the following positions would the nurse avoid?
a. Head mildline
b. Head turned to the side
c. Neck in neutral position
d. Head of bed elevated 30 to 45 degrees
16. A female client has clear fluid leaking from the nose following a basilar skull fracture. The nurse assesses that this is cerebrospinal fluid if the fluid:
a. Is clear and tests negative for glucose
b. Is grossly bloody in appearance and has a pH of 6
c. Clumps together on the dressing and has a pH of 7
d. Separates into concentric rings and test positive of glucose
17. A male client with a spinal cord injury is prone to experiencing automatic dysreflexia. The nurse would avoid which of the following measures to minimize the risk of recurrence?
a. Strict adherence to a bowel retraining program
b. Keeping the linen wrinkle-free under the client
c. Preventing unnecessary pressure on the lower limbs
d. Limiting bladder catheterization to once every 12 hours
18. The nurse is caring for the male client who begins to experience seizure activity while in bed. Which of the following actions by the nurse would be contraindicated?
a. Loosening restrictive clothing
b. Restraining the client’s limbs
c. Removing the pillow and raising padded side rails
d. Positioning the client to side, if possible, with the head flexed forward
19. The nurse is assigned to care for a female client with complete right-sided hemiparesis. The nurse plans care knowing that this condition:
a. The client has complete bilateral paralysis of the arms and legs.
b. The client has weakness on the right side of the body, including the face and tongue.
c. The client has lost the ability to move the right arm but is able to walk independently.
d. The client has lost the ability to move the right arm but is able to walk independently.
20. The client with a brain attack (stroke) has residual dysphagia. When a diet order is initiated, the nurse avoids doing which of the following?
a. Giving the client thin liquids
b. Thickening liquids to the consistency of oatmeal
c. Placing food on the unaffected side of the mouth
d. Allowing plenty of time for chewing and swallowing
21. The nurse is assessing the adaptation of the female client to changes in functional status after a brain attack (stroke). The nurse assesses that the client is adapting most successfully if the client:
a. Gets angry with family if they interrupt a task
b. Experiences bouts of depression and irritability
c. Has difficulty with using modified feeding utensils
d. Consistently uses adaptive equipment in dressing self
22. Nurse Kristine is trying to communicate with a client with brain attack (stroke) and aphasia. Which of the following actions by the nurse would be least helpful to the client?
a. Speaking to the client at a slower rate
b. Allowing plenty of time for the client to respond
c. Completing the sentences that the client cannot finish
d. Looking directly at the client during attempts at speech
23. A female client has experienced an episode of myasthenic crisis. The nurse would assess whether the client has precipitating factors such as:
a. Getting too little exercise
b. Taking excess medication
c. Omitting doses of medication
d. Increasing intake of fatty foods
24. The nurse is teaching the female client with myasthenia gravis about the prevention of myasthenic and cholinergic crises. The nurse tells the client that this is most effectively done by:
a. Eating large, well-balanced meals
b. Doing muscle-strengthening exercises
c. Doing all chores early in the day while less fatigued
d. Taking medications on time to maintain therapeutic blood levels
25. A male client with Bell’s palsy asks the nurse what has caused this problem. The nurse’s response is based on an understanding that the cause is:
a. Unknown, but possibly includes ischemia, viral infection, or an autoimmune problem
b. Unknown, but possibly includes long-term tissue malnutrition and cellular hypoxia
c. Primary genetic in origin, triggered by exposure to meningitis
d. Primarily genetic in origin, triggered by exposure to neurotoxins
26. The nurse has given the male client with Bell’s palsy instructions on preserving muscle tone in the face and preventing denervation. The nurse determines that the client needs additional information if the client states that he or she will:
a. Exposure to cold and drafts
b. Massage the face with a gentle upward motion
c. Perform facial exercises
d. Wrinkle the forehead, blow out the cheeks, and whistle
27. Female client is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome. The nurse inquires during the nursing admission interview if the client has history of:
a. Seizures or trauma to the brain
b. Meningitis during the last 5 years
c. Back injury or trauma to the spinal cord
d. Respiratory or gastrointestinal infection during the previous month.
28. A female client with Guillian-Barre syndrome has ascending paralysis and is intubated and receiving mechanical ventilation. Which of the following strategies would the nurse incorporate in the plan of care to help the client cope with this illness?
a. Giving client full control over care decisions and restricting visitors
b. Providing positive feedback and encouraging active range of motion
c. Providing information, giving positive feedback, and encouraging relaxation
d. Providing intravaneously administered sedatives, reducing distractions and limiting visitors
29. A male client has an impairment of cranial nerve II. Specific to this impairment, the nurse would plan to do which of the following to ensure client to ensure client safety?
a. Speak loudly to the client
b. Test the temperature of the shower water
c. Check the temperature of the food on the delivery tray.
d. Provide a clear path for ambulation without obstacles
30. A female client has a neurological deficit involving the limbic system. Specific to this type of deficit, the nurse would document which of the following information related to the client’s behavior.
a. Is disoriented to person, place, and time
b. Affect is flat, with periods of emotional lability
c. Cannot recall what was eaten for breakfast today
d. Demonstrate inability to add and subtract; does not know who is president