POLI 330 Final Exam / POLI330N Final Exam (Version 2, Latest, 2020): Chamberlain College of Nursing. - €17,92   In winkelwagen

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POLI 330 Final Exam / POLI330N Final Exam (Version 2, Latest, 2020): Chamberlain College of Nursing.

POLI 330N Week 8 Final Exam (Version 2 - Essay & MCQs 1. (TCO 1) Historians and political scientists are different because historians and political scientists . Chapter 1, page 5 (Points : 2) are reluctant to generalize; look for generalizations look for generalizations; are reluctant to generalize are more likely to look for comparisons; focus on differences tend to focus on nature­based explanations; focus on nurture­based explanations 2. (TCO 1) The notion that politicians think practically and political scientists think abstractly is indicative of which of the following? (Points : 2) Political scientists often train politicians. Politicians often train political scientists. Political scientists and politicians are different in that the former studies the latter. Political scientists and politicians are often indistinguishable. 3. (TCO 1) Voting for someone who is charismatic but whose policies might not benefit you would be considered behavior. (Points : 2) irrational rational legitimate selfish 4. (TCO 1) is the use of public office for private gain.(Points : 2) Sovereignty Corruption Authority Legitimacy 5. (TCO 1) The notion that we acknowledge the rightful roles of our leaders or our laws is known as . (Points : 2) sovereignty authority legitimacy monarchy 6. (TCO 1) Relating concepts in a way that connects them in an empirical manner is the basis of building (Point . 2) scholarship theory power culture 7. (TCO 1) The term for measuring with numbers is . (Points : 2) quantifying hypothesis qualifying empirical 8. (TCO 4) The English common law stressed the rights of free and equal men and was developed on the basis of precedent set by earlier judges, known today as . (Points : 2) judge­made law judicial precedent example by trial court generated 9. (TCO 4) Which of the following issues is a civil concern? (Points : 2) Extortion Theft Divorce Trafficking 10. (TCO 4) The concept of judicial review falls under which article of the U.S. Constitution?(Points : 2) Article I: The Legislative Branch Article III: The Judicial Branch Article VI: Debts, Supremacy, Oaths Judicial review is not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution. 11. (TCO 4) Who nominates and approves federal judges in the U.S. court system? (Points : 2) The president and the Senate The Senate and the House The president and Speaker of the House The Senate and the Secretary of State 12. (TCO 4) Which of the following was an argument against granting the U.S. Supreme Court the power of judicial review? (Points : 2) Many feared that such a power would give the court a double check and compromise its neutrality. Some thought that such power would create untrustworthy judges. The founders argued that judicial review would lead to undue indictments by the court. Drafters of the Constitution feared that few laws would ever be set in stone. 13. (TCO 4) Examine the ideal role of American judges. (Points : 2) Judges should intervene frequently, interpreting the law according to their expertise and ensuring a fair trial. Judges should act as umpires, passively watching the legal drama and ruling only on disputed points of procedure. Judges should not intervene unless attorneys object, at which point they may either overrule or sustain the objection. Judges should take an active role, questioning witnesses, eliciting evidence, and commenting on procedure. 14. (TCO 4) In Lombard v. Louisiana (1963), the Warren Court supported , ruling that blacks who had refused to leave a segregated lunch counter could not be prosecuted. (Points : 2) boycotts sit­ins picket lines protests 15. (TCO 5) Why do the responsibilities of legislative and executive powers often overlap?(Points : 2) Separation of powers is rarely clear­cut. Separation of powers is rare among industrialized nations. Separation of powers is absolute. Separation of powers grants obtuse levels of power to the executive branch. 16. (TCO 5) How often does the cabinet change in a parliamentary system? (Points : 2) Every 4 years Every 6 years Every 8 years When the cabinet is voted out or resigns 17. (TCO 5) Because of the separation of powers inherent in a presidential system, some scholars think that executive­legislative is common in systems like that used in the United States. (Points : 2) cooperation stagnation deadlock insolvency 18. (TCO 5) Who directly calls forth the leader of the largest party to take office with a cabinet and become the prime minister? (Points : 2) The voters Parliament The monarch The House of Commons Week 8 : Final Exam ­ Final Exam Page 2 1. (TCO 5) When it comes to electing officials, which factor matters the most to voters in both presidential and parliamentary elections? (Points : 2) Party affiliation Political ideologies Money invested in campaign Personality 2. (TCO 5) Who receives the most attention in both parliamentary and presidential systems? (Points : 2) Head of state Chief executive The legislature Voting citizens 3. (TCO 5) Describe how the United States expands its cabinet. (Points : 2) The president can create a new department at his or her will. Congress must agree on the new department and provisions for its funds must be made. In order for a new department to be developed, a former one must be deleted. New departments are no longer developed. 4. (TCO 7) Radicals use the term political economy instead of to describe their critique of capitalism and the inequitable distribution of wealth among nations. (Points : 2) Marxism laissez­faire public choice Keynesian 5. (TCO 7) How do Keynesian economic policies differ from the traditional laissez­faire policies developed by Adam Smith? (Points : 2) Laissez­faire advocates for “cutthroat” capitalism, and Keynesian policies seek to spread wealth equally among a nation’s citizens. Keynesian economics advocate for increased government control of economics, and traditional laissez­faire argues for a hands­free approach. Smithian policies advocate for increased spending and stimuli for government­run businesses, and Keynesian economics argues for a hands­free approach. The more liberal Smithian economies distribute wealth more evenly among society, and Keynesian economics tends to distribute wealth among the top 1%. 6. (TCO 7) What event is largely considered responsible for deterring Johnson’s War on Poverty? (Points : 2) Great Society Vietnam War Middle­class entitlements Tax expenditures 7. (TCO 7) Which of the following is an increasing financial concern of the Medicare program? (Points : 2) The proportion of older people in American society is increasing steadily. Every American citizen on reaching 65 obtains Medicare, regardless of class. Economic inequality renders Medicare more necessary for some than for others. Wealthy Americans are taking advantage of the Medicare system. 8. (TCO 7) Why are many politicians wary about limiting Social Security and Medicare expenses? (Points : 2) Many would be left without enough to support them. Caps to these programs would undermine the welfare state. It can cost them votes. Both are primary social safety nets. 9. (TCO 7) How does the American welfare state compare to those of other industrialized nations? (Points : 2) Much less is allocated to welfare in the United States. Other nations allocate less to welfare than the United States. The United States allocates about the same to welfare. Few nations besides the United States maintain funds for welfare. 10. (TCO 7) Theoretically, what are the consequences if the government assumes the burden of bad loans? (Points : 2) Citizens will default on their mortgages. Banks will learn from their mistakes and pay back the burden with interest. Ultimately, the government will profit. Firms will be encouraged to continue their risky behavior. 11. (TCO 9) What is the most common response to serious domestic unrest? (Points : 2) Revolution Coup d’état Military takeover UN diplomatic action 12. (TCO 9) Riots triggered by police beating youths, protests against globalization, and labor strikes against austerity are all examples of . (Points : 2) purely traditional violence issue­oriented violence violence carried out by civilian institutions of government coups 13. (TCO 9) What is likely to happen if the people are unhappy and there is no organization to focus their discontent? (Points : 2) They will almost surely turn to violence. Not much will happen. The people will organize themselves, regardless. They will eventually find other means of achieving contentedness. 14. (TCO 9) What about U.S. agencies such as the Department of Homeland Security, the FBI, and the CIA make them so ill prepared to fight terrorism? (Points : 2) They have extremely different missions when it comes to terrorism. They are poorly funded. They have a great deal of red tape to get through in order to be able to communicate. They are often unwilling to communicate with each other. 15. (TCO 9) According to Hannah Arendt, the American struggle was indeed a revolution, perhaps history’s only complete revolution, .(Points : 2) because it alone ended with democratic institutions. because it became an example for other nations. because it managed to route what was then the great world power. because it alone ended with a new foundation of liberty instead of the tyranny that came after other revolutions. 16. (TCO 9) Does terrorism work? (Points : 2) Rarely, and seldom without political and/or economic pressure Rarely, but primarily when brought against democratic nations Often, and without much need for political pressure to aid it Often, but only with the assistance of economic and/or political pressure 17. (TCO 9) Hannah Arendt pointed out that rage is the fuel of revolution, but what is now the greatest cause of rage?(Points : 2) The low level of education in developing nations The enormous economic mismanagement in industrialized nations The extreme violence utilized by industrialized nations against developing nations The massive corruption now found in developing lands

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POLI 330 Week 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Quiz & POLI 330 Final Exam (2 Versions) (New, 2020): Chamberlain College of Nursing

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