Case 13 Coronary Artery Disease and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CAD: CABG CASE STUDY)
NUR 401 Case 13 Coronary Artery Disease and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CAD: CABG CASE STUDY) Scenario
Your patient, 58-year-old K.Z., has a significant cardiac history. He has long-standing coronary artery disease (CAD) with occasional episodes of heart failure (HF). One year ago, he had an anterior wall myocardial infarction (MI). In addition, he has chronic anemia, hypertension, chronic renal insufficiency, and a recently diagnosed 4-cm suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Because of his severe CAD, he had to retire from his job as a railroad engineer about 6 months ago. This morning, he is being admitted to your telemetry unit for a same day cardiac catheterization. As you take his health history, you note that his wife died a year ago (at about the same time that he had his MI) and he does not have any children. He is a current cigarette smoker with a 50–pack-year smoking history. His vital signs (VS) are 158/94, 88, 20, and 97.2 ° F (36.2 ° C). As you talk with him, you realize that he has only a minimal understanding of the catheterization procedure.