Sophia - Human Biology - Unit 4 Milestone 4 - €12,38   In winkelwagen

Tentamen (uitwerkingen)

Sophia - Human Biology - Unit 4 Milestone 4

1 In which of the following does the blood clot appropriately to prevent major blood loss? • Hemophilia • Embolism • Hemostasis • Thrombosis CONCEPT Platelets 2 What is the role of the aorta in the systemic circuit? • It supplies deoxygenated blood to various body tissues. • It supplies oxygenated blood to various body tissues. • It collects oxygenated blood supplies from the lungs. • It collects deoxygenated blood supplies from the lungs. CONCEPT Heart and Blood Flow 3 Which antibody that inhibits pathogens from binding to the body's cells is found in endocrine gland secretions, such as tears and saliva? • IgD • IgG • IgA • IgE CONCEPT Humoral Immunity 4 What might a person with chronically low blood pressure be diagnosed with? • Vasoconstriction • Hypertension • Hypotension • Vasodilation CONCEPT Blood Pressure 5 What kind of immunity involves white blood cells that have receptors for specific pathogens that changes over time and produces memory cells? • Adaptive • General • Pathogenic • Innate CONCEPT Pathogens 6 Which type of white blood cell attacks other unhealthy cells? • Monocytes • Eosinophils • Basophils • Lymphocytes CONCEPT White Blood Cells 7 What are the antibodies found in blood type B? • Anti-B • Neither anti-A nor anti-B • Anti-A and Anti-B • Anti-A CONCEPT Blood Types 8 If a transplanted organ's MHC cells don't match those of the recipient, what will happen? • The organ will change its MHC cells so as to be recognized by the recipient's immune system. • The recipient's body will block off the new organ and it won't function normally. • The recipient's immune system will change the MHC markers on the organ so that it won't be identified as an intruder. • The recipient's immune system will identify the transplanted organ as an intruder and attack it. CONCEPT Organ Transplant and Immunotherapy 9 Which of the following statements about vaccines is true? • A vaccine prompts the body's T-cells to produce antibodies against the virus. • Vaccines are non-specific, meaning they protect against a variety of viruses or illnesses. • Booster shots are a type of secondary vaccine that allow for longer lasting protection against a particular virus. • Vaccines are used against viruses, bacteria and fungal infections. CONCEPT Vaccines 10 What muscular tubes, not supported by cartilage, help regulate airflow into and out of the lungs? • Diaphragm • Alveoli • Bronchioles • Trachea CONCEPT Lower Respiratory Tract 11 Which part of the upper respiratory system is commonly known as the throat? • Esophagus • Trachea • Pharynx • Larynx CONCEPT Upper Respiratory Tract 12 Which molecule helps maintain the pressure gradient of oxygen? • Alveoli • Respiratory membrane • Hemoglobin • Endothelium CONCEPT Respiration and the Respiratory Cycle 13 Which node does a pacemaker assist? • The SA node • It acts against both nodes • Both the SA and AV nodes • The AV node CONCEPT Cardiac Cycle and Cardiac Conduction System 14 Which accurately represents bloodflow through the cardiovascular system? • Heart → Arteries or Veins → Capillaries → Arterioles or Venules → Heart • Heart → Arterioles or Venules → Capillaries → Arteries or Veins → Heart • Heart → Veins → Venules → Capillaries → Arterioles → Arteries → Heart • Heart → Arteries → Arterioles → Capillaries → Venules → Veins → Heart CONCEPT Cardiovascular System 15 This diagram shows the lymphatic system of a human. Which of these is true for the part labeled X? • It is a filtration site for lymph. • It is a production site for antibodies. • It is a maturation site for T lymphocytes. • It is a secretion site for lymph. CONCEPT Lymphatic System 16 Which cells are triggered by our immune system to destroy certain types of cancer cells? • Spleen cells • Plasma cells • Natural killer cells • Myeloma cells CONCEPT Cancer and Homeostasis 17 __________ T cells and __________T cells are two types of effector T cells. • Antibody; cytotoxic • Memory; NK • NK; helper • Cytotoxic; helper CONCEPT Cell-Mediated Response 18 Select the immune defense that is specific to adaptive immunity. • Antibody • Skin • Inflammation • Fever CONCEPT Adaptive Immunity 19 Which of the following is an autoimmune disorder? • Lupus • Allergies • Anaphylactic shock • AIDS CONCEPT Immune System Disorders and HIV/AIDS 20 Which component of blood plays a role in the immune system? • Plasma • Red blood cells • White blood cells • Platelets CONCEPT Blood

Voorbeeld 2 van de 5  pagina's

avatar-seller
marshiks

Voordelen van het kopen van samenvattingen bij Stuvia op een rij:

Verzekerd van kwaliteit door reviews

Verzekerd van kwaliteit door reviews

Stuvia-kopers hebben meer dan 450.000 samenvattingen beoordeeld. Zo weet je zeker dat je de beste documenten koopt!

Snel en makkelijk kopen

Snel en makkelijk kopen

Je betaalt supersnel en eenmalig met iDeal, creditcard of Stuvia-tegoed voor de samenvatting. Zonder lidmaatschap.

Focus op de essentie

Focus op de essentie

Samenvattingen worden geschreven voor en door anderen. Daarom zijn de samenvattingen altijd betrouwbaar en actueel. Zo kom je snel tot de kern!

12,38
  • (0)
  Kopen