Advanced Pharmacology FINAL EXAM – QUESTION AND ANSWERS
If pitting edema is unilateral, you would suspect occlusion of a:
Which cranial nerves are usually evaluated during the examination of the eyes?
It is especially important to test for ankle clonus if:
A finding that is indicative of osteoarthritis is:
A grade IV mitral regurgitation murmur would:
The adnexa of the uterus are composed of the:
The spread of the impulse through the ventricles (ventricular depolarization) is depicted on the ECG as the:
During chest assessment, you note the patient’s voice quality while auscultating the lung fields. The voice sound is intensified, there is a nasal quality to the voice, and the e’s sound like a s. This sound is indicative of:
To hear diastolic heart sounds, you should ask patients to:
The rectal past medical history of all patients should include inquiry about:
Ulnar deviation and boutonniere deformities are characteristic of:
If your patient has nipple discharge, you will most likely need a:
The examiner percusses for diaphragmatic excursion along the:
An apical PMI palpated beyond the left fifth intercostal space may indicate:
The difference in blood pressure readings between the right and the left arms is considered normal up to _____ mm Hg.
Montgomery tubercles are most prominent in the breasts of:
Postural hypotension is defined as a _____ when the patient stands, compared with sitting or supine readings.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the examination of peripheral arteries?
Normal changes of the aging brain include:
Breath sounds normally heard over the trachea are called:
To spread the breast tissue evenly over the chest wall, you should ask the woman to lie supine with:
As Mr. B. enters the room, you observe that his gait is wide based and he staggers from side to side while swaying his trunk. You would document Mr. B.’s pattern as:
When assessing a 17-year-old for nuchal rigidity, you gently raise his head off the examination table. He involuntarily flexes his hips and knees. To confirm your suspicions associated with this positive test, you would also perform a test for the _____ sign.
Inspection of the scrotum should reveal:
A parent is advised to restrict contact or collision sports participation for their child. An example of a sport in which this child could participate is:
Which one of the following is a proper technique for use of a speculum during a vaginal examination?
Part of the screening orthopedic component of the examination includes evaluating the person while he or she is:
You are conducting a preparticipation physical examination for a 10-year-old girl with Down syndrome who will be playing basketball. She has slight torticollis and mild ankle clonus. What additional diagnostic testing would be required for her?
Functional assessment is most important during the examination of a(n):
Breath odors may clue the examiner to certain underlying metabolic conditions. The odor of ammonia on the breath may signify:
Anterior cruciate ligament integrity is assessed via the _____ test.
You are interviewing a 20-year-old patient with a new-onset psychotic disorder. The patient is apathetic and has disturbed thoughts and language patterns. The nurse recognizes this behavior pattern as consistent with a diagnosis of:
You are performing a two-point discrimination test as part of a well physical examination. The area with the ability to discern two points in the shortest distance is the:
Your older clinic patient is being seen today as a follow-up for a 2-day history of pneumonia. The patient continues to have a productive cough, shortness of breath, and lethargy and has been spending most of the day lying in bed. You should begin the chest examination by:
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy will likely produce:
To assess spinal levels L2, L3, and L4, which deep tendon reflex should be tested?
Nerves that arise from the brain rather than the spinal cord are called:
Bimanual examination of the uterus includes:
While collecting personal and social history data from a woman complaining of breast discomfort, you should question her regarding:
Palpation of epitrochlear nodes is part of the:
When palpating breast tissue, the examiner should use the _____ at each site.
If a patient cannot shrug the shoulders against resistance, which cranial nerve (CN) requires further evaluation?
Kawasaki disease is suspected when assessments of a child reveal:
The presence of cervical motion tenderness may indicate:
You are initially evaluating the equilibrium of Ms. Q. You ask her to stand with her feet together and arms at her sides. She loses her balance. Ms. Q. has a positive:
Which one of the following techniques is used to detect a torn meniscus?
You are inspecting the genitalia of an uncircumcised adult male. The foreskin is tight and cannot be easily retracted. You should:
A cervical polyp usually appears as a:
A red, hot swollen joint in a 40-year-old man should lead you to suspect:
Recent unilateral inversion of a previously everted nipple suggests:
An examiner has rotated a brush several times into the cervical os. The brush was withdrawn and stroked lightly on a glass slide. The slide was sprayed with fixative. Which type of specimen requires this technique for collection?
Examination of the patient in the lithotomy, or knee-chest, position includes:
Your patient’s chief complaint is repeated pencil-like stools. Further examination should include:
A common finding in markedly obese and pregnant women is:
Loss of immediate and recent memory with retention of remote memory suggests:
To assess a cremasteric reflex, the examiner strokes the:
Temporalis and masseter muscles are evaluated by:
Facial muscle or tongue weakness may result in:
When conducting a geriatric assessment, basic activities of daily living (ADLs) include:
While examining a 30-year-old woman, you note that one breast is slightly larger than the other. In response to this finding, you should:
You are assessing Mr. Z.’s fluid volume status as a result of heart failure. If your finger depresses a patient’s edematous ankle to a depth of 6 mm, you should record this pitting as:
While interviewing a 70-year-old female clinic patient, she tells you that she takes ginkgo biloba and St. John’s wort. You make a short note to check for results of the:
Assessing orientation to person, place, and time helps determine:
The physical assessment technique most frequently used to assess joint symmetry is:
When palpating joints, crepitus may occur when:
The best way to ease the apprehension of a 3-year-old child before a physical examination is to:
At your first meeting with a patient, it is usually best to say:
The finger-to-nose test allows assessment of:
A 23-year-old white woman has come to the clinic because she has missed two menstrual periods. She states that her breasts have enlarged and that her nipples have turned a darker color. Your further response to this finding is to:
The musculoskeletal examination should begin when:
For purposes of examination and communication of physical findings, the breast is divided into:
One of the most important aspects to consider in the orthopedic screening examination is:
Which medical condition would exclude a person from sports participation?
You are conducting a clinical breast examination for your 30-year-old patient. Her breasts are symmetrical with bilateral, multiple tender masses that are freely moveable with well-defined borders. You recognize that these symptoms and assessment findings are consistent with:
Cranial nerve XII may be assessed in an infant by:
The family history for a patient with joint pain should include information about siblings with:
A patient in the deepest coma would be scored a _____ on the Glasgow Coma Scale.
When you attempt to move a 10-month-old child from his mother’s lap to the examination table, he screams loudly. Your best action is to:
The Mini-Mental State Examination should be administered for the patient who:
The strength of the trapezius muscle is evaluated by having the patient:
The foramen ovale should close:
A pulsation that is diminished to the point of being barely palpable would be graded as:
The goals of preparticipation sports evaluation include:
A positive straight leg raise test usually indicates:
Your 15-year-old patient is athletic and thin. Radiography of an ankle injury reveals a stress fracture. You should question this patient about her:
A 12-year-old boy relates that his left scrotum has a soft swollen mass. The scrotum is not painful upon palpation. The left inguinal canal is without masses. The mass does transilluminate with a penlight. This collection of symptoms is consistent with:
The checkout station for preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is critical because at this point:
Palpation of a normal prostate in an older adult is likely to feel:
You are examining Mr. S., a 79-year-old diabetic man complaining of claudication. Which of the following physical findings is consistent with the diagnosis of arterial occlusion?
Nancy Walker is a 16-year-old girl who presents to the clinic with complaints of severe, acute chest pain. Her mother reports that Nancy, apart from occasional colds, Nancy is not prone to respiratory problems. What potential risk factor is most important to assess with regards to Nancy’s current problem?
When assessing superficial pain, touch, vibration, and position perceptions, you are testing:
You are conducting an examination of Mr. Curtis’s heart and blood vessels and auscultate a grade III murmur. The intensity of this murmur is:
A patient you are seeing in the emergency department for chest pain is suspected of having a myocardial infarction. During the health history interview of his family history, he relates that his father had died of “heart trouble.” The most important follow-up question you should pose is which of the following?
The reliability of health-related findings and observations is the responsibility of the:
In the most effective percussion technique of the posterior lung fields, the patient cooperates by:
The Mini-Mental State Examination:
Tarry black stool should make you suspect:
An idiopathic spasm of arterioles in the digits is termed:
The Denver II is a tool used to determine:
Which portion of the physical examination is best done with the patient standing?