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Question 1 Risks of information science technologies include: The use of mental communications Cutting-edge performances Glitches and loss of information Processing human-to-systems networking Question 2 Output information can be seen in the form of: Software programs Telecommunications Hardware Alerts/outcomes Question 3 Information from the system that is used to make modifications in the input, processing actions, or outputs is referred to as: Reporting Processing Acquisitions Feedback Question 4 The main components of a computer based information system are: Hardware and software Hardware, software, and telecommunications tools Data input tools and output video components The keyboard, monitor, mouse, and power source Question 5 Integration of cognitive, communication, computer, library, and social sciences are features of: Information science Data science Information system Processing science Question 6 Integration of cognitive, communication, computer, library, and social sciences are features of: Information science Data science Information system Processing science Question 7 Data are dirty when there are errors such as: Duplicate entries Incomplete or outdated records Both duplicate entries and incomplete or outdated records None of these are correct. Question 8 When processing data into information, it is important that the data: Have integrity and quality Reflect human inconsistencies Contain raw facts Contain duplicate facts Question 9 Data integrity can be compromised through: Cleaning dirty data Human error or hackers Transmission errors Human error or hackers and transmission errors Question 10 Information science focuses on: Individual and universal systems Effectively linking people, information, and technology Networking between systems Organization and efficiency Question 11 Secure, timely, relevant, and objective are some characteristics that define: Infrastructure Quality of information Feedback Analysis Question 12 Although theoretical definitions of ethics vary, what identifies a common characteristic of ethics? Goal oriented Illogical One acceptable option Unfair Question 13 Ethics is best described as: A revolution in health care brought on by technologic change Ever-changing principles that guide decision making A goal-oriented approach to answering questions that potentially have multiple acceptable answers Paradigmatic changes that involve rhythmic processes central to the healthcare system Question 14 Which of the following is not true about social media? Social media represents an instantaneous form of communication. Social media promotes professional collegiality. Social media posts may influence perceptions of professional image. Social media posts are easily deleted by the person who initiated the post. Question 15 The intent of HIPAA was to: Curtail healthcare fraud and abuse, and enforce standards for health information Guarantee the security and privacy of health information Assure health insurance portability for employed persons All of these are correct. Question 16 Fair, equitable, and appropriate treatment in light of what is due or owed to a person is known as: Beneficence Nonmaleficence Justice Autonomy Question 17 When healthcare agencies provide access to health information on websites they: Are essentially practicing medicine Expect people to follow the advice Are responsible for actions that people take as a result Must adhere to responsible information standards Question 18 Two ethics approaches that emphasize considering human needs and the responsibility to meet needs are: Virtue and care ethics Bioethics and casuistry Beneficence and care ethics Principlism and antiprinciplism Question 19 Practice-based ethics as described by Husted and Husted (1995), focuses on: Bringing about human benefit Normative approaches to ethics Examining moral life Understanding right or good action Question 20 The presence of a moral dilemma creates: A peaceful temperament A specific action An anticipated behavior Uncertainty Question 21 In which step in the model for ethical decision making would conflicting values be considered? Examining the dilemma Comprehending alternatives Hypothesizing an argument Evaluating outcomes Question 22 Heuristic evaluation: Observes the steps users are likely to take to use the interface to accomplish typical tasks Detects problems early in the design process Is the least expensive method All of these are correct. Question 23 Task analysis examines: The number of tasks involved How the user approaches the task in order to accomplish it What the needed output is All of these are correct Question 24 Formal usability tests: Involve observing the steps users take when using the interface to accomplish real-world tasks Involve detecting problems early in the design process Are required for credentialing None of these are correct Question 25 The users see the effects of their actions on the technology when you bridge the: Gulf of execution Gulf of understanding Gulf of evaluation Gulf of assessment Question 26 The FITT model: Observes the steps users are likely to take to use the interface to accomplish typical tasks Encourages the evaluator to examine the fit between each two of the components: user and technology, task and technology, and user and task Is the least expensive method All of these are correct. Question 27 Telehealth interfaces allow patients to: Interact with a virtual clinician (actually a computer program) Have tailored educational programming developed Interact when they want to All of these are correct Question 28 What is an example of human-technology interfaces? EMR PCA pump Telephones All of these are correct Question 29 Videoconferencing technology: Is easy to use Allows professionals to communicate more effectively and frequently with in-home patients Must be used for telehealth None of these are correct. Question 30 Telehealth interfaces allow patients to: Interact with a virtual clinician (actually a computer program) Have tailored educational programming developed Interact when they want All of these are correct Question 31 The first step in implementing an EHR into an organization is the vendor selection process. The other factor included in the first step is: Validating that the system includes a complex treatment planning Improving patient care outcomes Accounting for long term optimization Documenting the desired functions of the EHR Question 32 The universal denominator in the development of EHRs is: User friendliness Patient safety User friendliness and patient safety None of these are correct. Question 33 The universal denominator of the eight essential components of an EHR as defined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) is: Speed Efficiency Saving storage Patient safety Question 34 The EHR function that allows a clinician to enter medication and other care orders directly into a computer including laboratory, microbiology, pathology, radiology, nursing, supply orders, ancillary services, and consults is known as the: Core care function Physician interface Order entry management None of these are correct. Question 35 Which statement is false? EBP takes away from the critical-thinking skills used by healthcare professionals. EBP enhances a professional's informed decision making. EBP should be embedded in computerized documentation of a CIS. Prompts in CIS can reinforce the habit of looking for supporting evidence for interventions rather than relying on recall of past practices Question 36 A change management plan developed for implementing an EHR includes all of the following, except: Disciplinary measures for addressing resistance by professionals Involving subject matter experts to validate workflow Hosting end user usability testing sessions Formal training activities Question 37 Positive impacts noted with using an informatics system to manage patients with chronic illness include: Guidelines adherence A decrease in emergency department visits Improved provider documentation All of these are correct. Question 38 The benefits of EHR use recognized in early studies include all of these, except: Increased delivery of guidelines-based care Enhanced capacity to perform surveillance and monitoring for disease conditions Reduction in medication errors Improved workflow Question 39 To become a successful owner of an EHR in the healthcare organization, it must be: Used by the patient and family Implemented in the materials management day-to-day operation Implemented in the administration's day-to-day use Part of the facility's long term vision Question 40 The future of the electronic health record and interoperability has the potential to improve patient satisfaction because: The patient will be treated by the same physician There is no medical guessing of prior treatments There is less reliance on a significant other There is a timely comparison with the paper medical record Question 41 What represents a copyright infringement? A back-up copy of software that came with the computer A purchased painting displayed in the owner's home A copied document used without owner's consent A download of purchased sheet music Question 42 _______________________ combines reviews from multiple primary investigations in order to obtain consensus on a specific area of research. Systematic review Data review Research validity Research utilization Question 43 The act of removing the outer package of a software CD obligates the user to abide by licensing restrictions, which is known as: Shrink wrap license Digital license Copyright infringement Both shrink wrap license and digital license Question 44 To gain skill at using a database, a healthcare professional could: Consult a reference librarian Complete an online tutorial Both consult a reference librarian and complete an online tutorial None of these are correct. Question 45 The most reliable source of research evidence for informing practice is: Expert opinion Qualitative research Quasi-experimental research Randomized controlled trials Question 46 The method by which data collected during the course of a study is processed to identify trends and patterns of relationships is called: Data analysis Information literacy Data processing Clinical analysis Question 47 According to Stetler et al (1998), the best quality evidence is: Expert opinions Meta-analysis Individual experience Program evaluation Question 48 What is a digital movement with the aim of making a library of knowledge available to anyone with Internet access? National Guideline Clearinghouse Open Access Initiative IOWA Model Context of Care Question 49 Sources of evidence for practice include: Synthesis of knowledge from research Retrospective or concurrent chart reviews Clinical expertise All of these are correct. Question 50 Due to the wealth of information available and the multiple avenues to access it, healthcare professionals must question the ____________ of information. Authenticity Validity Reliability All of these are correct

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