PSYC 325 FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS WITH ALL LATEST (GRADED A) SOLUTIONS - €13,38   In winkelwagen

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PSYC 325 FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS WITH ALL LATEST (GRADED A) SOLUTIONS

In one test commonly used to study medial-temporal-lobe amnesia in macaque monkeys, the sample appears over the central food well during the test phase of each trial. food is available under both objects during the test phase of each trial. food is available under the nonsample object during the test phase of each trial. no food is available during the sample-presentation phase of each trial. Question 7 of 25 Which of the following tasks is commonly used to study the spatial abilities of rats? Morris water maze radial-arm maze Mumby box both A and B Question 8 of 25 Because H.M.’s surgery seemed to disrupt only those retrograde memories acquired shortly before his surgery, it was once widely believed that the hippocampus stores most long-term memories. stores all long-term memories. temporarily stores memories before they are transferred to a more permanent storage site. stores spatial memories. Question 9 of 25 The hypothetical neural mechanism in humans that continuously assesses patterns of events and tries to make sense of them is termed the right-hemisphere interpreter. left-hemisphere interpreter. right prefrontal lobe. left prefrontal lobe. Question 10 of 25 The strongest evidence for the linguistic theory of cerebral asymmetry comes from the study of deaf people who use American Sign Language and subsequently suffer unilateral brain damage. split-brain deaf people. deaf monkeys with unilateral brain damage. split-brain people with right-hemisphere damage. Question 11 of 25 According to the Wernicke-Geschwind model, signals are carried from Wernicke’s area to Broca’s area via the left corpus callosum. arcuate fasciculus. massa intermedia. angular gyrus. Question 12 of 25 According to the text, which theory of sleep does the best job of explaining why there are such large differences in the amount of time that the members of various mammalian species spend sleeping? recuperative theory Freudian theory adaptation theory activation-synthesis theory Question 13 of 25 The performance of which of the following tasks is most likely to be disrupted by sleep deprivation? sprinting weight lifting watching a radar screen for occasional unpredictable blips solving a series of complex geometric problems Question 14 of 25 Sleep deprivation lasting several days usually produces chronic psychosis. microsleeps. neuronal fatigue. chronic tremor. Question 15 of 25 Clock is a circadian gene; it was discovered in mice. sunflowers. dogs. humans. Question 16 of 25 Because REM sleep is similar to wakefulness in several respects, it makes sense that REM sleep circuits are controlled by a structure involved in maintaining wakefulness: the thalamus. basal forebrain. reticular activating system. cerveau isolé. Question 17 of 25 In view of the evidence, the widespread practice of taking melatonin to promote sleep is dangerous and should be stopped. definitely a waste of time. likely to be of no more than minor benefit. almost certain to have major sleep benefits in most people. Question 18 of 25 Which of the following causes epilepsy? neurotoxins cerebrovascular diseases head injuries all of the above Question 19 of 25 Which of the following is common in children and often ceases in puberty? absence epilepsy tonic-clonic epilepsy temporal lobe epilepsy simple partial epilepsy Question 20 of 25 Epidemiology is the study of epidemics. infections. the spread of neurological disorders. the various factors that influence the distribution of a disease in the general population. Question 21 of 25 Most patients with gastric ulcers display signs of H. pylori infection, however, to put this observation in perspective, it is important to understand that yogurt can reduce the infection. yogurt can increase the infection. probiotic yogurt can cure ulcers. many healthy people are similarly infected. Question 22 of 25 Stress disrupts the performance of tasks mediated by the hippocampus. most memory tasks. almost all avoidance tasks. most cognitive tasks. Question 23 of 25 Studies of electrical intracranial self-stimulation have influenced the development of biopsychological theories of addiction by indicating that the rewarding effects of drugs play a major role in addiction. there are particular areas of the brain that mediate the experience of pleasure. drug withdrawal and drug pleasure are opposite processes. there are particular areas of the brain that mediate pleasure from drugs. Question 24 of 25 In humans, the following trait predicts individuals who will initially begin taking a drug: novelty seeking. low IQ. high IQ. paranoia. Question 25 of 25 The early physical-dependence theories of drug addiction were discredited by the observation that detoxified addicts almost always return to their drug-taking habits. if addicts withdraw over a long period, withdrawal symptoms are more severe. drug addicts who are kept from using drugs for a year or more almost always permanently kick the habit. both A and B

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