PHI 210 Critical Thinking Week 6 Exam 1|STRAYER UNIVERSITY /GRADE A LATEST SOLUTIONS
1 Which of the following is a good practice when thinking critically? • Question 2 Mark had to make a decision about which nursing school he was going to attend. Before making his decision, he investigated the average salaries of graduates, the job placement rates, and the cost per year to attend each school. Which critical thinking habit was Mark practicing? • Question 3 A rule of thumb for using to critical thinking to find solutions and make decisions is to seek which of the following? • Question 4 People who habitually analyze the arguments of others can be described as what type of thinkers? • Question 5 Sarah and her husband are shopping for a mortgage; she has been to multiple banks and has spoken to multiple vendors. Which critical thinking habit is Sarah practicing? Choose the BEST answer. • Question 6 Anchoring bias is characterized by _________. • Question 7 Which of the following explains the role that probability plays in hindsight bias? • Question 8 Which statement best illustrates self-interested thinking? • Question 9 For much of her life, Kaiden has volunteered with the Red Cross and considers this to be part of her identity. Which of these scenarios would suggest that Kaiden's ability to think critically has been hindered by this aspect of her identity? • Question 10 Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie states that the consequence of the single story is that _________. • Question 11 A(n) _________ is an argument with an unstated premise. • Question 12 Vicky is trying to convince Todd that he should eat at the new Thai restaurant in town because the food is tasty, affordable, and healthy. She then explains that the food at the restaurant is healthy because the chefs avoid hydrogenated oils and use natural sweeteners when possible. Vicky's argument about why the food is healthy serves as which of the following? • Question 13 Which of the following qualities makes for a strong inductive argument? • Question 14 A friend is expressing her discontent with an online retailer and states the following: "The website frequently crashes. You have to email to reach customer service. They do not always carry common sizes. You should avoid shopping with them." Does her series of statements represent an argument? Why? • Question 15 Premise 1: All television shows that aired in the twentieth century were game shows. Premise 2: "Supermarket Sweep" was a television show that aired in the twentieth century. Conclusion: Therefore, "Supermarket Sweep" was a game show. How does this argument hold up in terms of truth and validity? • Question 16 _________ is characterized by claiming that because something cannot be proven false, it must be true unless the opponent can disprove the conclusion. • Question 17 Which of the following represents a "post hoc propter ergo hoc" fallacy? • Question 18 Jose really likes bacon and wants to wrap bacon around all of the appetizers to be served at a dinner party. Sarah disagrees and suggests guests might want a "bacon-free" option. Jose claims that no one should listen to Sarah because she is a crazy vegetarian. This is a(n) _________ fallacy. • Question 19 John is staunchly opposed to the legalization of marijuana. He believes that if we legalize marijuana, more people will start using heroin and cocaine.Then we'd have to legalize those, too. This is a(n) _________ fallacy. • Question 20 The false dichotomy fallacy is characterized by: • Question 21 A medical expert is famous for his research in the field of hypertension. An international drug company pays him to lecture at conferences to endorse their new hypertension drug. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason why the drug company chose this man? • Question 22 Kevin tells his coworker Luis that it is going to rain tomorrow. Which of the following scenarios would make Kevin's claim most credible to Luis? • Question 23 Which of the following is something that an expert might be concerned about when reviewing a peer's work? • Question 24 A medical expert is famous for his research in the field of hypertension. An international drug company pays him to lecture at conferences to endorse their new hypertension drug. Which of the following could lead to a loss in the expert's credibility? • Question 25 Each of the following claims was written in an article: 1. Particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter are easily inhaled deep into the lungs where they can accumulate, react, be cleared or absorbed. 2. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), children and infants are among the most susceptible to many air pollutants. 3. Children have increased exposure to air pollution because of higher minute ventilation and higher levels of physical activity. 4. The average adult breathes 3,000 gallons of air per day. If you had no knowledge of the subject which claim should be the MOST credible?