NR 305 HESI Review Questions with Answers - GRADED A
NR 305 HESI Review Questions with Answers
An antacid (Maalox) is prescribed for a client with peptic ulcer disease. The nurse knows that the purpose of this medication is to
In evaluating the effects of lactulose (Cephulac), which outcome would indicate that the drug is performing as intended?
The healthcare provider prescribes digitalis (Digoxin) for a client diagnosed with congestive heart failure. Which intervention should the nurse implement prior to administering the digoxin? The healthcare provider prescribes digitalis (Digoxin) for a client diagnosed with congestive heart failure. Which intervention should the nurse implement prior to administering the digoxin?
Following the administration of sublingual nitroglycerin to a client experiencing an acute anginal attack, which assessment finding indicates to the nurse that the desired effect has been achieved?
A client with congestive heart failure (CHF) is being discharged with a new prescription for the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril (Capoten). The nurse’s discharge instruction should include reporting which problem to the healthcare provider?
1.	A client is being treated for hyperthyroidism with propylthiouracil (PTU). The nurse knows that the action of this drug is to:
2.	A client with Parkinson’s disease is taking carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet). Which observation by the nurse would indicate that the desired outcome of the medication is being achieved?
3.	Following heparin treatment for a pulmonary embolism, a client is being discharged with a prescription for warfarin (Coumadin). In conducting discharge teaching, the nurse advises the client to have which diagnostic test monitored regularly after discharge?
4.	A postoperative client has been receiving a continuous IV infusion of meperidine (Demerol) 35 mg/hr for four days. The client has a PRN prescription for Demerol 100 mg PO q3h. The nurse notes that the client has become increasingly restless, irritable and confused, stating that there are bugs all over the walls. What action should the nurse take first?
5.	A client is being treated for osteoporosis with alendronate (Fosamax), and the nurse has completed discharge teaching regarding medication administration. Which morning schedule would indicate to the nurse that the client teaching has been effective?
6.	A client is receiving metoprolol (Lopressor SR). What assessment is most important for the nurse to obtain?
7.	A client with a dysrhythmia is to receive procainamide (Pronestyl) in 4 divided doses over the next 24 hours. What dosing schedule is best for the nurse to implement?
8.	Which action is most important for the nurse to implement prior to the administration of the antiarrhythmic drug adenosine (Adenocard)?
9.	A client has a continuous IV infusion of dopamine (Intropin) and an IV of normal saline at 50 ml/hour. The nurse notes that the client’s urinary output has been 20 ml/hour for the last two hours. Which intervention should the nurse initiate?
10.	A client who was prescribed atorvastatin (Lipitor) one month ago calls the triage nurse at the clinic complaining of muscle pain and weakness in his legs. Which statement reflects the correct drug-specific teaching the nurse should provide to this client?
11.	Which nursing diagnosis is important to include in the plan of care for a client receiving the angiotensin-2 receptor antagonist Irbesartan (Avapro)?
12.	A client is receiving clonidine (Catapres) 0.1 mg/24hr via transdermal patch. Which assessment finding indicates that the desired effect of the medication has been achieved?
13.	A client is receiving methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) 40 mg IV daily. The nurse anticipates an increase in which laboratory value as the result of this medication?
14.	An adult client has prescriptions for morphine sulfate 2.5 mg IV q6h and ketorolac (Toradol) 30 mg IV q6h. Which action should the nurse implement?
15.	A client’s dose of isosorbide dinitrate (Imdur) is increased from 40 mg to 60 mg PO daily. When the client reports the onset of a headache prior to the next scheduled dose, which action should the nurse implement?
16.	When assessing an adolescent who recently overdosed on acetaminophen (Tylenol), it is most important for the nurse to assess for pain in which area of the body?
17.	Which antidiarrheal agent should be used with caution in clients taking high dosages of aspirin for arthritis?
18.	The nurse is assessing the effectiveness of high dose aspirin therapy for an 88-year-old client with arthritis. The client reports that she can’t hear the nurse’s questions because her ears are ringing. What action should the nurse implement?
19.	The nurse is reviewing the use of the patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump with a client in the immediate postoperative period. The client will receive morphine 1 mg IV per hour basal rate with 1 mg IV every 15 minutes per PCA to total 5 mg IV maximally per hour. What assessment has the highest priority before initiating the PCA pump?
20.	The healthcare provider prescribes naloxone (Narcan) for a client in the emergency room. Which assessment data would indicate that the naloxone has been effective? The client’s:
21.	A client is … to the hospital for diagnostic testing for possible myasthenia gravis. The nurse prepares for intravenous administration of edrophonium chloride (Tensilon). What is the … outcome for this client following administration of this pharmacologic agent?
22.	A client who has been taking levodopa PO TID to control the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease has a new prescription for sustained release levodopa/carbidopa (Sinemet 25/100) PO BID. The client took his levodopa at 0800. Which instruction should the nurse include in the teaching plan for this client?
23.	While taking a nursing history, the client states, “I am allergic to penicillin.” What related allergy to another type of antiinfective agent should the nurse ask the client about when taking the nursing history?
24.	A client is receiving ampicillin sodium (Omnipen) for a sinus infection. The nurse should instruct the client to notify the healthcare provider immediately if which symptom occurs?
25.	A peak and trough level must … drawn for a client receiving antibiotic therapy. What is the optimum time for the nurse to obtain the trough level?
26.	A client receiving albuterol (Proventil) tablets complains of nausea every evening with her 9:00 p.m. dose. What action can the nurse take to alleviate this side effect?
27.	A 43-year-old female client is receiving thyroid replacement hormone following a thyroidectomy. What adverse effects associated with thyroid hormone toxicity should the nurse instruct the client to report promptly to the healthcare provider?
28.	A client asks the nurse if glipizide (Glucotrol) is an oral insulin. Which response should the nurse provide?
29.	… nursing intervention is most important when caring for a client receiving the antimetabolite cytosine arabinoside (Arc-C) for chemotherapy?
30.	Which symptoms are serious adverse effects of beta-adrenergic blockers such as propranolol (Inderal)?
31.	A client has myxedema, which results from a deficiency of thyroid hormone synthesis in adults. The nurse knows that which medication would … contraindicated for this client?
32.	The nitrate isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil) is prescribed for a client with angina. Which instruction should the nurse include in this client’s discharge teaching plan?
33.	A client with coronary artery disease who is taking digoxin (Lanoxin) receives a new prescription for atorvastatin (Lipitor). Two weeks after initiation of the Lipitor prescription, the nurse assesses the client. Which finding requires the most immediate intervention?
34.	Which change in data indicates to the nurse that the desired effect of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist valsartan (Diovan) … achieved?
35.	A client is taking hydromorphone (Dilaudid) PO q4h at home. Following surgery, Dilaudid IV q4h PRN and butorphanol tartrate (Stadol) IV q4h PRN are … for pain. The client received a dose of the Dilaudid IV four hours ago, and is again requesting pain medication. What intervention should the nurse implement?
36.	In teaching a client who had a liver transplant about cyclosporine (Sandimmune), the nurse should encourage the client to report which adverse response to the healthcare provider?
37.	A client with hyperlipidemia receives a prescription for niacin (Niaspan). Which client teaching is most important for the nurse to provide?
38.	Which instruction(s) should the nurse give to a female client who just received a prescription for oral metronidazole (Flagyl) for treatment of trichomonas vaginalis? (Select all that apply.)
39.	A client is … to the coronary care unit with a medical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Which medication prescription decreases both preload and afterload?
40.	A client receiving Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) intravenously (IV) complains of pain at the insertion site, and the nurse notes edema at the site. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?
41.	A client with heart failure is … spironolactone (Aldactone). Which information is most important for the nurse to provide to the client about diet modifications?
42.	After abdominal surgery, a male client is … low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). During administration of the medication, the client asks the nurse why he is receiving this medication. Which is the best response for the nurse to provide?
43.	The healthcare provider prescribes naproxen (Naproxen) twice daily for a client with osteoarthritis of the hands. The client tells the nurse that the drug does not seem to be effective after three weeks. Which is the best response for the nurse to provide?
44.	Which method of medication administration provides the client with the greatest first-pass effect?
45.	A category X drug is … for a young adult female client. Which instruction is most important for the nurse to teach this client?
46.	An older client with a decreased percentage of lean body mass is likely to receive a prescription that is adjusted based on which pharmacokinetic process?
47.	A medication that is classified as a beta-1 agonist is most commonly … for a client with which condition?
48.	The nurse is assessing a client who is experiencing anaphylaxis from an insect sting. Which prescription should the nurse prepare to administer this client?
49.	Dobutamine (Dobutrex) is an emergency drug most commonly … for a client with which condition?
50.	Which medications should the nurse caution the client about taking while receiving an opioid analgesic?