NR 511 Week 5 Quiz with answers
Question:A 48-year-old male presents with acute low back pain in the right that increases when standing and bending. Upon physical exam, lower extremity muscle strength is 5/5 and straigh leg raise test is negative. Which of the following is the most likely … ?
Question:A 55-year-old patient is able to complete range of motion (ROM) against gravity with some resistance. The nurse practitioner would assign which of the following numerical grades to this manual muscle testing description?
Question:The valgus stress test, varus stress test, Lachman test, and thumb sign are all considered standard tests to check the integrity of the ligaments of the knee. Which of the following would the clinician choose to assess the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), which is the most commonly involved structure in severe knee injury?
Question:A 55-year-old female presents to the clinic with complaints of left hand and wrist pain and swelling after a slip and fall on the ice yesterday. On examination, the clinician notes tenderness at the “anatomical snuffbox.” This finding most likely indicates which of the following?
Question:Positive anterior and posterior drawer signs … injury to the anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament, respectively. The drawer and Lachman tests are utilized to assess for cruciate ligament injury.
Question:A 10-year-old male presents to the clinic after jumping off a 2-foot wall, twisting his foot and ankle upon landing. His ankle x-ray demonstrates a fracture of the distal tibia, over the articular surface, through the epiphysis and physis. Based on the Salter-Harris classification of growth plate injuries, the clinician knows that this is a ______?
Question:A 13-year-old obese (body mass index [BMI] above the 95th percentile) boy reports low-grade left knee pain for the past 2 months. He denies antecedent trauma but admits to frequent “horseplay” with his friends. The pain has progressively worsened, and he is now unable to bear weight at all on his left leg. His current complaints include left groin, thigh, and medial knee pain and tenderness. His examination demonstrates negative drawer, Lachman, and McMurray tests; left hip with decreased internal rotation and abduction; and external hip rotation with knee flexion. Based on the above scenario, the clinician should suspect which of the following?
Question:A 49-year-old female presents with low back pain radiating into the right leg,. An x-ray of the lumbosacral spine is within normal limits. Which of the following diagnoses do you explore further? You Answered
Question:A 42-year-old professional golfer complains of chronic back pain for many years. His workup reveals that it is not the result of a degenerative disc problem. His back “goes out” about twice per year, and he is out of work for about a week each time. Which of the following should the clinician advise?
Question:A 55-year-old female patient presents with complaints of pain and paresthesias in the left ulnar aspect of the forearm, thumb, and middle finger following a C6 & C7 nerve root dermatomal pattern. This is known as ________?
Question:In assessing the skeletal muscles, the clinician turns the patient’s forearm so that the palm is face up. This is called:
Question:A 62-year-old woman presents to the clinic with chronic low back pain. She states she has developed episodes of fecal incontinence and numbness in her right leg over the last week. Upon examination the clinician notes decreased perianal sensation to pinprick. What should the clinician do next?
Question:A conservative approach is … in the initial approach to the management of low back pain. Which of the following would … an appropriate treatment plan for a 32-year-old obese male (BMI 33) diagnosed with an acute lumbar strain?
Question:A 28-year-old male presents to the clinic for follow-up from the emergency department, where he was seen for right forearm pain 3 days ago. He works as a carpenter and is right hand dominant. He states he was diagnosed with right forearm tendinitis and is not sure what this means. As part of teaching, the clinician explains that the condition is … by inflammation of one or more of the tendons. Which of the following describes tendons?
Question:A 16-year-old boy presents to the office with complaints of low back pain after lifting heavy boxes. In discussing with him proper body mechanics to prevent future injuries, the clinician should advise which of the following?